A bite of the ripe, fresh-off-the-vine tomato that has fully ripened in the sun is a delight. It is one of the most rewarding moments of the summer. Though wide appealing varieties are available at supermarkets and farmers’ markets, nothing beats the flavour and freshness of a homegrown tomato, especially when you consider the amazing diversity of heirloom and hybrid kinds you may cultivate in your garden.

Are you picking plenty of tomatoes this season? If not, know that you are not alone and find comfort in that. One of the main worries among beginner gardeners is the absence of fruit growth. One common complaint among tomato growers is when flowers fail to produce fruits before they wither and drop. Given the care you undoubtedly give your plants to bring them this far, it is disappointing and unfair.

Regardless of your varieties, here are some suggestions for successfully growing tomatoes to ensure a beautiful and ample harvest.

Why Do Your Tomatoes Have Flowers but No Fruit?

Regardless of whether your tomato plant has finished yielding fruit or not, the reasons behind the lack of fruit set are often predictable and easy to fix. We acknowledge your concerns and reassure you that you are not alone. We will describe the problems and provide solutions in this comprehensive tutorial so that you can harvest the tomatoes from your plants.

Why Do Your Tomatoes Have Flowers but No Fruit.jpg

There are two main explanations for why your tomato blooms are not bearing fruit.

  • The first group consists of external environmental elements that are not in our control—for example, extreme temperatures.
  • The second is brought on by outside variables you can control, like a gardening error.

Since the second category affects gardens in the UK more frequently, there is probably anything you can do to prevent this issue from occurring again the following year.

1. Insufficient Sunlight

Insufficient Sunlight

Sunlight is well known to be a tomato’s best friend. The lack of adequate sunlight can result in the absence of fruiting. This is because tomatoes don’t have sufficient photosynthetic energy to fuel their growth. Tomato growth that is spindly or “leggy” is a major sign of insufficient light. The plant may produce longer stems and darker leaves as it tries to meet its daily requirements for photosynthesis.

Although it might produce some blossoms, there is less chance they will develop into big, delicious tomatoes. To generate flowers and fruit, tomatoes need at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight daily.


Put your tomatoes in direct sunlight if they are growing in containers. Consider trimming some branches to let in more light if trees or bushes are shading your yard. In the future, only grow tomatoes in the garden region that receives continuous summertime sunlight and is the brightest. Some tomato varieties may grow in the shadow, but the majority need sunlight.

2. Too Much Nitrogen In Soil

Too Much Nitrogen In Soil

The degree of fertility in your potting mixture is another crucial aspect to consider. Excess nitrogen in the soil or potting mix promotes leafy green vegetative growth while restricting blossom production. The result is flower drop and decreased production yields because it encourages excessive growth of leaves and stems at the expense of flowers and fruit.

For tomatoes to develop into ripe, delicious fruits, they require nutrition. The overfertilization of tomato plants with excessive nitrogen fertilizer can also result in magnesium or potassium deficiency.


Use artificial fertilizers with low levels of nitrogen whenever possible. Use potassium-rich organic fertilizers as an alternative. Your soil’s potassium content will encourage the growth of blooms, which will then lead to the development of fruits.

3. Nutritional Stress

Nutritional Stress

Tomato plants that are heavily producing fruit may stop producing new blossoms. The plant is under nutritional stress because it lacks the resources necessary to do both tasks simultaneously. Tomatoes won’t have the energy they need to produce fruit if they aren’t given enough food. Potassium and phosphorus are especially important during the reproductive (fruiting) phase. While phosphorus boosts fruit harvests and ripening, potassium encourages the development of flowers.


The nutritional stress on the plants is reduced by picking the fruit from the lower branches, allowing the upper flower clusters to set correctly and yield more fruit.

4. Lack of Pollination

Lack of Pollination

Tomatoes, like many other garden plants, rely on wind or bees to pollinate their blossoms. Your tomato blooms might stay dormant, waiting for their pollen to be dispersed in the absence of habitat and food for these pollinators. You probably don’t have enough pollinators if you observe many yellow blossoms on your plants, but they never appear to develop into a fruit.

Low temperatures have an impact on both the viability of pollen and the rate at which the pollen tube expands after a pollen grain contacts a mature sigma.


Tomatoes are “perfect” flowers meaning they have both male (stamens) and female (pistil) parts, so they self-pollinate. Use a brush or pencil to shake or tap the inside of tomato blooms on a warm, sunny day. This induces a buzzing bee’s vibrations. The tapping will encourage the plant to deposit pollen onto the flower’s stigma immediately. Flowers should start to shrivel as fruits form after doing this daily for a couple of days. In the future, we advise you to pair tomatoes with pollinator-friendly flowers like dianthus, white alyssum, or tulsi basil.

Pollination suffers when daytime temperatures are higher than 85°F or nighttime temperatures are higher than 70°F. The ideal growing temperature for tomato plants is between 68-85°F. Make sure to maintain the perfect temperature throughout the day.

5. Pests and Diseases

Pests and Diseases

The plants attract a wide range of unwanted pests, from tomato hornworms to the ongoing problem of aphids. Stressed tomato plants that have suffered severe insect and disease damage produce less fruit as their vitality and health deteriorate.


Watch out for infections and pests. Neem oil is a natural pesticide that you may use to treat your plants and keep them healthy.

6. Humidity Levels

Humidity Levels

The relative humidity (RH), or the quantity of moisture in the air, has an impact on the pollination process. For tomatoes to be pollinated, the recommended humidity range is 40% to 70%. Pollen may be too dry or sticky for effective wind pollination if humidity levels are too low or excessive.

Lower than 40% relative humidity tends to make the pollen too dry and make it difficult to adhere to the stigma (female reproductive part). The pollen from the stamen, the male portion of the flower, gets excessively sticky and is difficult to shed when the relative humidity levels are higher than 70%.


By gently shaking the plant, you can aid the plant in fake pollination if the humidity is too high. On the other side, if the humidity is low, you can water the plant frequently to keep it hydrated and make it seem better.

7. Water Stress

Water Stress

Given that tomato fruits are composed of more than 90% water, water stress in plants (brought on by dry soil or strong winds) is detrimental to healthy fruit production and can result in blossom drops in tomato plants. It should not be surprising that watering problems can seriously reduce your tomato crop. To support the transformation from flowering to fruiting, your plants require a lot of water. Plants suffering from drought may appear withered, droopy, or yellow.


Keep plants well-irrigated by deeply watering tomato plants at least once a week, and preferably every morning before every hot, windy day, to avoid moisture stress when temperatures reach too high.


How to Grow Tomatoes at Home

You can plant and grow any tomato variety, from tiny grape tomatoes to huge slicing tomatoes, on your deck, patio, or balcony with a few large containers, sunlight, fertilizer, and water.

Choose a location with at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight each day if you want to grow tomato plants in a garden bed or a container.

Give the seedlings plenty of freedom to spread in the beginning Tomato seedlings need strong, direct light. They receive ample natural light during the short winter days. Your best bet is to utilize some sort of artificial plant lighting for 14 to 18 hours each day unless you are growing them in a greenhouse.

You can jumpstart the growing season by buying transplants or starting seeds indoors six to eight weeks before your area’s average last frost date. Transfer the tomato plants outside once the soil has warmed up.

How to Grow Tomatoes at Home

Tomato plants may grow in any type of soil, with the exception of clay, but the ideal garden soil should be well-draining, fertile, and have a pH of 5.8 to 7. Garden soil could be too heavy to grow plants in containers, so use potting soil, compost, or perlite instead.

To make strong stems, tomato plants require movement and swaying in the wind. This occurs naturally outside, but if you are starting your seeds indoors, you will need to create some sort of air movement.

Remove the lowest leaves from each plant before planting, then place the root ball in a deep hole so that only the top few leaves are visible. Tomato plants must be planted at a depth where 2/3 of the plant is underground.

After planting, stake, trellis, or cage the tomato plants, especially vining types. For little bush or patio tomatoes—which frequently maintain themselves—skip this step.

These actions, however, sometimes only result in flowering rather than fruit production.

Final Thoughts

Many home gardeners like producing tomatoes, and even inexperienced growers can succeed with their first tomato plant. Every summer, the air is filled with the unmistakable heavy aroma of tomato vine as the delicious, juicy orbs mature in the sun.

Gardeners find it very disheartening when robust, healthy tomato plants lose their blossoms and are unable to bear fruit after a successful growing season. So make sure to maintain their temperature, humidity levels, and soil pH. In addition to that, use Phosphorous and Potassium rich soil mixtures or fertilizers. Finally, good insect and disease control will help to ensure that these factors do not add to blossom-drop problems but also will help assure a high-yielding crop with good quality.

What were the difficulties you faced when you first grew tomatoes at home? Do let us know in the comments.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Long Does It Take for Tomatoes to Fruit After Flowering?

The amount of time needed for the tomato fruit to ripen once the blossoms on the tomato vines have opened varies depending on the tomato type and various environmental factors. There is a window of 20 to 60 days between flowering and fruiting. There can be a wide range which greatly depends on the kind of tomato you planted. Fruit is produced more quickly by smaller kinds than by larger ones. The appearance of the tomato’s yellow flowers indicates that the plant has begun the process of producing fruit.

How Do You Get Tomatoes to Set Fruit?

If you’re faced with tomato plants not setting fruit, the best thing to do is to keep the plants healthy and fertilized, having Potassium and Phosphorous. Choose a location with at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight, and make sure to maintain the ideal temperature and soil pH at around 6.

Do Tomatoes Need Fertilizers to Ripen?

The absence of fertilizer in the soil could also be the cause of the tomatoes’ failure to ripen. Tomato plants heavily utilize potassium and Phosphorous to ripen tomatoes. The tomatoes may still be green if you have not fertilized your tomato plants on a regular basis. It is advisable to have a lesser constituent of nitrogen in your fertilizer or potting mix.

Emma Johnson

Emma Johnson, an acclaimed gardening expert, has transformed spaces with her vegetable, flower, and fruit gardening skills for over two decades. Her journey started in the rural countryside, where she developed a deep connection with the land. At 45, Emma Johnson brings a wealth of expertise to the gardening community. Emma's educational background in Horticulture from the University of Bath lays the foundation for her innovative gardening techniques.

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