We are all aware that the circle of life ends at some point in time and the same will happen with a rose plant. The life span of a rose plant is pretty much a long time of about 30 to 35 years. But its capacity to give flowers will end in a short period of time.
A single branch can only give 3 to 5 flowers for its lifetime. so, even the plant is staying alive after reaching its final blooming stages there will be no flowers from the plant anymore.
There is a method to revive the plant into its offspring. it is called the cultivation of Rose cuttings, the parent plant is divided into several cuttings and planted to be grown into a new plant. The easy step by step process of the rose cutting process is:
- Selecting the cutting area
- Cutting the selections
- Enclosing the plant
Selection of The Cuttings
The rose cuttings must be made from only a fully grown rose plant and particularly the lower half of the plant, where the stem is strong semi-wood. As on the top half of the plant, the stems are weak in nature and are not capable of growing roots when planted.
The selections must be at least 6 inches above the ground when planted and more than an inch deep into the soil.
Cutting the Selections
The cuttings must carry on very carefully, a slight mistake will disable the cutting from growing roots. The cutting must be made with an inclination of 45 degrees slightly above the node and not too close towards the node as shown in the picture below.
The cutting must be maintained at 45 degrees because when the cutting is planted the 45-degree cut will lay horizontal with the surface. Which is very suitable for the cuttings to grow roots?
Before planting the cuttings in the soil, the rooting hormone must be applied at the 45 degrees cut for the roots to emerge quickly. There are certain chemical rooting hormones available in the market or you can apply your own rooting hormone at home.
By applying the honey at the cutting end and immersing it in a semi-cut potato will act as a natural rooting hormone for the rose cuttings. Or you can just use the honey for the process.
The cuttings must be planted in a pot with a soil mixture of 50% coco peat, 30% sand, 20% soil. These mixture quantities will provide enough nutrition properties required for the roots to grow. Now, before continuing to the next process. After the cutting is planted into the soil it must be watered in the required amount.
Enclosing the Cuttings
After the cuttings have been planted, they must be covered by a polythene bag or a glass jar to capture the moisture inside that area. The moisture conditions will help the cuttings to grow. The cuttings must cover like this as shown in the below figure.
The planted cuttings will start to show the growing symptoms only after a few days period. Leave your curiosity out of the way and place the pot undisturbed in a place where there is a small amount of light is available.
You do not need to be worrying about sunlight and photosynthesis. As there are no leaves present on the cuttings yet, the cutting stem will derive its energy from the soil and the moisture condition you have created by covering it with a glass lid or a polythene bag.
You Have to Check on The Plantation Every Few Days in The Following Order
After 5 days – There will be a slight result showing up already from the cuttings you have planted. New chutes will be growing from the nodes and you can observe the moisture that has been deposited on the polythene bag surface.
After 10 days – There will be a slight sign of leaves growing on, not yet complete ones but small baby leaves. Just remove the enclosing cover and observe the new leaves coming through the plantation. There is no need to water the pot, as there will be enough moisture required by the plant inside the polythene bag.
You must look out for the growth of unwanted weeds inside the pot. Remove them as they start to show up. Cover the pot again with the bag after observation. It will take 2 to 3 more for the leaves to grow completely.
After 14 days – You can observe the leaves growing in full scale from the newly formed chutes. The rooting hormones are doing their part. The leaves will need some air, so you must make some holes in the polythene bag for the aeration and circulation of fresh air.
After 18 days – There are leaves emerging from every node on the rose cutting. It is time to remove the polythene covering from the pot and place the pot in an area for which there will be sunlight for an hour every day.
Too much sunlight can dry up the leaves because the roots have not grown completely to draw enough moisture and water from the soil.
After removing the covering water, the plant in a slight amount or spay some sprinkles of water on the leaves. The roots will take 40 – 45 days to grow completely.
There is no need to cover the pot again with any coverings. Leave the plant uncovered. You can also transfer the plant from the pot to your gardening area after 25 to 30 days. You can also use some natural organic compost to help the rose plant grow.
You can also find them in your kitchen. Onion peelings, eggshells, and fruit pulps. After certain feeding and caring the plant will start to flower.
The rose plant grown from the rose cuttings can also be cultivated again by using its stems.